Essay on pellagra

InConrad Elvehjema biochemistry professor at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, showed that the vitamin niacin cured pellagra manifested as black tongue in dogs. Carcinoid syndrome thus may produce niacin deficiency and clinical manifestations of pellagra.

A scaly rash on skin exposed to light or trauma; Dementia: Later studies by Dr. Clinical Features of Pellagra 3.

Pellagra essay

Today pellagra continues to be a problem in developing countries where there is significant malnutrition or where niacin-deficient foods such as corn and rice are the primary sources of nutrition. Additionally, vitamin B12 is used to form cofactors required in the conversion of homocysteine to methionine an amino acid needed in the protein synthesis.

Pellagra can develop in atopic dermatitis patients following elimination diets. Pellagra can be reversed by dietary supplements and there are laboratory methods for assessing niacin in the body.

These cases are seen in ailments whose primary symptoms include diarrhea and ulcerative colitis; people who suffer from chronic alcoholism and cirrhosis of the liver; patients who have long-term use of isoniazid, an anti-tuberculosis medication, and azatioprine; patients who suffer from malignant carcinoid tumors, and those who have acquired Harnup disease, a genetic disorder which prevent the intestines and kidney from absorbing amino acids like tryptopan.

In Europe, the highest incidence was in the Mediterranean area. Casal had observed that patients with pellagra were all poor, Essay on pellagra mainly on maize, and rarely ate fresh meat.

To prove this, Dr. The second part of the glycolysis involves the conversion of the fructose 1,6-bisphosphate into two different three carbon units which interconvert easily. Casal noted the malady among poor peasants of Asturias and termed it mal de la rose because all affected patients had the typical reddish and glossy rash on the dorsum of the hands and feet.

There have been findings published stating that Pellagra is a rare secondary complication of the eating disorder, anorexia nervosa. Pellagra is observed in malnourished individuals and as a complication of isoniazid therapy; however, the diagnosis is often overlooked or delayed, occasionally with life-threatening consequences.

The non-oxidative part of the pathway produces excesses 5 carbon sugars which are intermediates and the 5 carbon sugars for nucleotide biosynthesis Berg et. Katharina reinecke dissertation abstract Katharina reinecke dissertation abstract, art is long life is short essays dissertation de philosophie sur la vie.

Joseph Goldberger Pellagra was studied mostly in Europe until the late 19th century when it became an epidemic especially in the southern United States. Coenzyme Q is a mobile electron carrier and can accept hydrogen atoms from NADH dehydrogenase complex Icomplex II and from other mitochondrial dehydrogenases.

He died in of kidney cancer. To treat the skin lesions, dermatitis and rashes that accompany the disease, the doctor may prescribe a topical ointment or emollient, and the use of sunscreen to remedy sunlight sensitivity.

GI tract symptoms always precede dermatitis, or, according to Rille, "Pellagra begins in the stomach". The breakdown of cholesterol, the amino acids valine, isoleucine, methionine, and threonine and also odd-chain fatty acids produce the methylmalonyl-CoA.

Pellagra, a Nutrient Deficiency Disease

Niacin is abundant in red meat, fish, poultry, and green leafy vegetables. If maize is not nixtamalizedit is a poor source of tryptophanas well as niacin.

For severe cases, the patient is advised to take a mandatory bed rest and to avoid sun exposure while recovering. Pellagra lesions on the neck. When someone is deficient they can develop Pernicious anemia which is most commonly diagnosed by testing the blood for plasma cobalamin and the measurements of holoTC Ferrier, Source: Niacin is required for adequate cellular function and metabolism as an essential component in coenzyme I oxidized form of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide [NAD] and coenzyme II reduced form of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate [NADP]which either donate or accept hydrogen ions in vital oxidation-reduction reactions.

The isomerization produces Succinyl CoA which is a n intermediate in the citric acid cycle. He explained that the disease causes dermatitis in exposed skin areas such as hands, feet and neck and that the origin of the disease is poor diet and atmospheric influences.

Pellagra is prevalent among regions whose primary food source is untreated maize, which is a poor source of niacin and tryptopan. InGoldberger reported that nicotinamide was a preventive factor of pellagra.

Dermatologic Manifestations of Pellagra

In the second part of the shuttle the oxaloacetate needs to pass through the mitochondrial membrane but cannot so this means that a transamination reaction has to occur that forms aspartate, which is transported but into the cytoplasm of the cell.

Second, it may result from deficiency of tryptophan[3] an essential amino acid found in meat, poultry, fish, eggs, and peanuts [8] that the body converts into niacin. Isoniazid biochemically competes with niacin. PELLAGRA SYMPTOMS Other symptoms of Pellagra include a high sensitivity when exposed to sunlight; irritability and aggression; red skin lesions and rashes; mouth ulcers; poor appetite, nausea and vomiting; restlessness, anxiety and insomnia; tremorsdelusions and mental confusion; seizures; weakness; ataxia a balance disorder ; headaches; depression; stupor, and glossitis a tongue infection accompanied by inflamation.

Extensive dental caries were present in over half of pellagra patients. Nov 21,  · Documentary film analysis essay. Return of the jedi ending song comparison essays Return of the jedi ending song comparison essays georgetown application essay toyota a knight tale essay princeton molecular biology research paper essay on junk food leads to obesity narrative essay on fear what can you do for your country essay essayer coupe de cheveux homme calvitie why.

Pellagra, a Nutrient Deficiency Disease. Pellagra Abstract: Pellagra is a nutrient-deficiency disease of major public health importance caused by inadequate intake or absorption the B vitamin niacin (nicotinic acid) or the amino acid tryptophan, which the body uses to synthesize niacin.

Niacin Deficiency Causes In the s, pellagra was common among poor Americans whose diets consisted mostly of corn, molasses, and salt pork -- all poor sources of niacin.

Oct 28,  · Symptoms of Pellagra vary from person to person and can range from mild to severe. Lifestyle modification is the key for treatment of Pellagra like abstaining from alcohol, healthy diet tsfutbol.comtion: MD,FFARCSI.

Niacin Deficiency

Pellagra can be serious, even fatal, if untreated. Complications include coma and death. For more details on symptoms and complications, see symptoms of pellagra.

Niacin is a water soluble vitamin that is not stored effectively in the body and requires a daily intake to maintain health. Niacin is found in whole grains, meats, and fish. Tryptic phosphopeptide analysis essay origin of parliamentary sovereignty essay.

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Essay on pellagra
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